Sensory Integration Dysfunction-Symptoms & Treatment

Sensory integration dysfunction is the ability to process certain information received through the sense. When an individual has sensory integration dysfunction he/she may be unable to respond to certain sensory information to plan and organize what he/she needs to do in an appropriate and automatic manner.

Sensory integration dysfunction
Person suffering from sensory integration dysfunction responds negatively to unexpected /loud noise.

SYMPTOMS

Dysfunction can affect each person in different ways and to varying degrees.
AUDITORY :

*responds negatively to unexpected /loud noise
*holds hands over ears
* cannot work with background noises

VISUAL :

*prefers to be in the dark
* hesitates going up and down steps
*avoids bright lights
* avoids eye contact

TASTE/SMELL

* Avoids certain taste /smell that are typically part of children’s diet
* routinely smells nonfood items

BODY POSITION

*continually seek out all kind of movement activities
* hangs on other people, furniture, objects
*seems to have weak muscles

MOVEMENT

*Become anxious /distressed when feet leave the ground
*avoids climbing and jumping
*avoids playground equipmentS

TOUCH

*Avoids getting messy in glue, sand, finger paint
* in sensitive to certain fabrics
* touches people and objects an irritating level

ATTENTION, BEHAVIOUR AND SOCIAL

Jumping from one activity to another
* difficulty in paying attention
*seems anxious
*has difficulty in making friends, does not express emotions

MANAGEMENT STARTEGIES THAT HELP THE CHILD WITH SENSORY INTEGRATION DYSFUNCTION

*giving advance notice of change to routine
* expanding abilities: actively working on broadening their range of skill areas and interests.
*sensory diet
To providing feed back to the body to enable it to sensory regulate..
*Recognize triggers
Educate the child’s adults cares of the trigger that spark in appropriate sensory reaction
*M. O. R.E program uses motor components, oral organization, respiratory demands and eye contact to assist with sensory regulation.

 

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