Fetal Alcoholic Syndrome

Women who drink alcohol during pregnancy can give birth to babies with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, sometimes known as FASDs. FASD is the umbrella term for a range of disorders. These disorders can be mild or severe and can cause physical and mental birth defects.


  • A small head
  • A smooth ridge between the upper lip and nose, small and wide-set eyes, a very thin upper lip, or other abnormal facial features
  • Below average height and weight
  • Hyperactivity
  • Lack of focus
  • Poor coordination
  • Delayed development and problems in thinking, speech, movement, and social skills
  • Poor judgment
  • Problems seeing or hearing
  • Learning disabilities
  • Intellectual disability
  • Heart problems
  • Kidney defects and abnormalities
  • Deformed limbs or fingers
  • Mood swings



  • Medical Care
  • Medication
  • a
  • Parent Training
  • Alternative Approaches

Physical defects

Physical defects may include:

Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip

Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers

Slow physical growth before and after birth

Vision difficulties or hearing problems

Small head circumference and brain size

Heart defects and problems with kidneys and bones 

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